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Phase 1 Phonics

Seven Aspects

Aspect 1 – Environmental sounds

Aspect 2 – Instrumental sounds

Aspect 3 – Body percussion

Aspect 4 – Rhythm and Rhyme

Aspect 5 – Alliteration

Aspect 6 – Voice sounds

Aspect 7 – Oral blending and segmenting

Three Strands

Tuning into sounds

Listening and remembering sounds

Talking about sounds

Activities are designed to help children

Listen attentively

Enlarge their vocabulary

Speak confidently to adults and other children

Discriminate letter sounds (phonemes)

Reproduce audibly the letter sounds (phonemes) they hear, in order, through the words

Use sound-talk to break (segment) words into letter sounds (phonemes)


Ways to help your child at home


Talking and Listening

Make time to listen to your child talking

Switch off the TV, radio and mobile phones

Show that you are interested in what they are talking about

Make a collection of different toy creatures

Listen at home


Use puppets

Ways to support your child at home












  • Play 'Getting nearer' – hide a toy and then sing louder the nearer your child gets to the toy or quieter the further away they go.
  • Make a shaker
  • Talk about favourite sounds
  • Make animal noises
  • Listening Walk





  • Play musical instruments
  • Add sounds to stories when reading or telling a story





  • Sing action songs
  • Play follow my leader with movements such as clapping, tapping or stamping
  • Made loud, quiet, slow and fast sounds and discuss them





  • Read books that rhyme
  • Sing nursery rhymes and let the child finish the line
  • Copy rhythms and beats
  • I know a word that rhymes with cat





  • Play I spy
  • Say 'A tall tin of tomatoes' or other sentences where most words begin with the same sound.  This is called alliteration. Use names eg Milo makes music.
  • Teach the children tongue twisters eg Peter Piper picked a piece of pickled pepper
  • Play 'What do we have in here?' Put some toys in a bag and pull them out saying the name of the toy and emphasising the first sound eg car cccccc





  • Make different sounds and noises with your voice
  • Sing songs





  • Encourage your child to try sound talking
  • Play I spy but sound talking eg I spy a d o g   Can the child recognise the word from the sounds (phonemes)?
  • Then start with letter sounds s,a,t,p,I,n
  • Sound talk. Talk like a robot saying each sound in a word eg c a t  Can the child recognise it's cat?


Useful websites  Some free phonics games to play on the computer